Law Office Management

-Bauer, Gary, Addressing the Needs of Solo/Small Firm Practitioners through Law School Based Programs to Reduce Stress in Practice,- Several Approaches, 6 Thomas M. Cooley J. Prac. & Clinical L. 1 (2003).
-Beaudette, Marie, What Price Startup? To Launch a Law Practice Takes Guts and Time, But Money Matters Too, 26 Legal Times 25 (June 23, 2003).
-Biernath, Mark, One Year and Counting: Advice from a New Solo, 17 Crim. Justice 15 (2003).
-Leffler, David, Real Life, Solo Style, 20 GP Solo 71 (April-May 2003).
-Olmstead, John, Law Office Management Review Checklist, 5 Lawyer's Competitive Edge: The Journal of Law Office Economics and Management 1 ( September 2003).
-Tebo, Margaret, What Not to Buy:Setting Spending Priorities Is Key to Solo Success, 89 A.B.A.J. 42 (2003).
-Weston, William, Ethics Concerns In Shared Office Space, 20 GP Solo 40 (July-August 2003).
-Survival Guides for Solo and Small Firm Practices, 28 Law Prac. Mgmt. 30 (May-June 2002).
-Quick Tips: How-To Advice for Solos and Small Firms Managing Partners, Experienced Lawyers and Young Lawyers, 28 Law Prac. Mgmt. 50 (January-February 2002).
-Bennett, Joel, Truly Solo: How to Run a Successful Practice Without Employees, 19 GP Solo, 38 (January -February 2002).
-Cahill, Stephanie, Motion Warriors, 88 A.B.A.J. 28 (2002).
-Davis, Jenny, Power Up Your Practice, 88 A.B.A.J. 62 (2002).
-Hurley, Christopher, Thinking of Going Out On Your Own? Tips for Starting Your Own Firm and Running it as Efficiently as a Large Firm, 4 Lawyers Competitive Edge: The Journal of Law Office Economics and Management 1 (March 2002).
-Leckrone, Laura, Solo But Not Alone: One Solo-Practitioner's Story of How He Grew and Leveraged His Law Practice, 4 Lawyer's Competitive Edge: The Journal of Law Office Economics and Management, 1 (September 2002).
-Leffler, David, In the Beginning ...(Starting out in solo practice), 19 GP Solo, 54 (October-November 2002).
-Stansky, Lisa, Hustle, Networking and Business Sense Are the Ingredients for Practicing Solo, 30 Student Law. 6 (May 2002).
-Johnson, Knut, On Your Own - Solo and Small Firm Practices, 15 Crim Justice 36 (Winter 2001).
-Wheeler, John,  Fifteen Tips for Tiny Savings that Add Up to a Tall Total, 5 Lawyer's Competitive Edge: The Journal of Law Office Economics and Management 13 (March 2001).
-Aronfield, Spencer, Go Solo Without Starving, 36 Trial 52 (February 2000).
-Gordon, Robert, Trial Research in the Age of Technology, 36 Trial 64 (June 2000).
-Laney, Mark, Tips On Law Office Management, 36 Trial 91 (February 2000).
-Rosenblum, Judith, et al, Toppling the Giants: Can Solo Lawyers Use Technology to Compete with Larger Firms and Win?, 26 Law Prac. Mgmt. 34 (January-February 2000).
-Pilldersdorf, Gary, Money Matters in Case Selection, 34 Trial 30 (January 1998).
-Lau, Edward, Taking Control of Your Practice, 34 Trial 41 ( January 1998).
-Kelly, Dulin, et al, Creating a Supportive Law Office Family: By playing fair and showing appreciation, you can keep your support staff happy and productive, 34 Trial 44 (January 1998).
-Piersall, Joanne, To Move or Not to Move, 34 Trial 57 (January 1998).

Attorney-Client Relationship ( See also Interview)  (1)

-Chanen, Jill, The Changing Face of Gay Legal Issues, 90 A.B.A.J. 47 (July 2004). (Re: Counseling the HIV Positive Client)
-Ethics Symposium: What Do Clients Want ?, 52 Emory L. J. (May 2003).
-Eades, Diana, "I don't think the lawyers were communicating with me." : Misunderstanding Cultural Differences in Communicative Style, 52 Emory L. J. 1109 (2003).
-Hall, John, 15 Red Flags for Identifying the Potentially Difficult Client, The Champion 31 (July 2003)
-McShane, John, The Need for Healing, 89  A.B.A.J. 59 (May 2003).
-Bergden, Astrid, Dealing with the Resistant Criminal Client: A Psychologically Minded Strategy for More Effective Legal Counseling, 38 Crim. L. Bull. 225 (2002).
-Chanen, Jill, At First Sight, 88 A.B.A.J. 53 (May 2002).
-Keeva, Steven, Culture of Professionalism, 87 A.B.A.J. 50 (November 2001).
-Keeva, Steven, What Clients Want, 87 A.B.A.J. 48 (June 2001).
-Keeva, Steven, Passionate Practitioner, 86 A.B.A.J. 56 (June 2000).
-O'Leary, Kimberly, When Context Matters: How to Choose an Appropriate Client Counseling Model, 4 Thomas M. Cooley J. Prac. & Clin. Law 103 (June 2001).
-Ellmann, Stephen, Truth and Consequences, 69 Fordham L. Rev. 895 (2000).
-Rawdon, Richard, Listening: The Art of Advocacy, 36 Trial 99 (January 2000).
-Egan, Dennis, Finding Diamonds in the Rough, 36 Trial 37 (December 2000).
-Maddock, Charles, Can We Talk? The Art of the Client Interview, 2 Lawyer's Competitive Edge: The Journal of Law Office Economics and Management 1 (July 2000).
-Keeva, Steven, Beyond the Words: Understanding What Your Client Is Really Saying Makes for Successful Lawyering , 85 A.B.A.J. 60 (1999).
-Lidman, Raven, The Power of Narrative: Listening to the Initial Client Interview, 22 Seattle U. L. Rev. 17 (1998).
-Robinson, Mary, Putting Clients to theTest: Careful Screening Can Minimize Malpractice Risks, 84 A.B.A.J.80 (November 1998).
-Custer, Andy, et al, Handling the Initial Client Interview, 21 Trial Lawyer, No. 4 , 207 (1998).
-Wolfram, Charles, Selecting Clients: Are You Free to Choose?, 34 Trial 21 (January 1998).
-Chanen, Jill, Reality Checks: Lawyers Must Manage Client Expectations By Being Upfront About What Is Possible and What Is Not, 83 A.B.A.J. 60 (November 1997).
-Abbott, Clay, et al, The Anatomy of a Client Interview, 42 Prac. Law. 61 ( December 1996).
-Earl, Allen, Conducting the Initial Interview: Rules and Red Flags, 29 Trial 58 (April 1993).
-Fried, Charles, The Lawyer as Friend: The Moral Foundations of the Lawyer-Client Relations, 85 Yale L.J. 1060 (1976).

Pretrial Investigation and Preparation (See also Preparing Witnesses)

- McElhaney, James, Order in the Court: Fear is the Biggest Obstacle to Effectively Organizing Your Case, A.B.A.J., Mar. 2012, at 20.
- McElhaney, James, Finding Your Why: Present Your Case so That it Fits With What the Jury Wants to Believe, A.B.A.J., Apr. 2012, at 24.
-Gershman, Bennett, Litigating Brady v. Maryland: Games Prosecutors Play, 57 Case W. Res. L. Rev. 531 (2007).
-Mesereau Jr., Thomas, Random Thoufghts on Trial Practice, 31 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 115 (Summer 2007).
-Deal, Christopher, Brady Materiality Before Trial: The Scope of the Duty to Disclose and the Right to a Trial by Jury, 82 N.Y.U.L. Rev. 1780 (2007).
-Lewis, Elaine, Common Witness Misperceptions, 31 Litigation, No. 2, 25 (Winter 2005).
-Allen, John, Emerging from the Horse Shed and Still Passing the Smell Test - Ethics of Witness Preparation and Testimony, 32 Brief 56 (2003).
-Bocchino, Anthony, What Juries Want to Hear: Reverse Engineering the Verdict, 74 Temp. L. Rev. 177 (2001).
Bailey, William, Tie Your Case Together with a Good Theme, 37 Trial 58 (Feb. 2001).
-Orbals, Gerald, et al, Preparing for Spontaneity at Trial, 27 Litigation, No. 1, 125 (Fall 2001).
-Bocchino, Anthony, What Jurors Want to Hear: Methods for Developing Persuasive Case Theory, 67 Tenn. L. Rev. 543 (2000).
-Cohen, Jay, Powerful Witness Preparation, 27 Litigation, No. 1, 11 (Fall 2000).
-McElhaney, James, Persuasive Organization, 26 Litigation , No 1, 51 (Spring 2000).
-Zacharias, Fred, et al, Coaching Witnesses, 87 Ky. L.J. 1001 (1999).
-Schum, David, Marshaling Thoughts and Evidence During Fact Investigation, 40 South Texas Law Review 401 (1999).
-Hodes, William, The Professional Duty to Horseshed Witnesses Zealously - Within the Bounds of the Law, 30 Tex. Tech. L. Rev. 1343 (1999).
-Silver, Charles, Preliminary Thoughts on the Economics of Witness Preparation, 30 Tex. Tech. L. Rev. 1383 (1999).
-Tillers, Peter, et al, A Theory of Preliminary Fact Investigation, 24 U.C. Davis Law Review 931 (1991).
-Applegate, John, Witness Preparation, 68 Tex. L. Rev. 277 (1989).
-Steiner, Margaret, Adequacy of Fact Investigation in Criminal Defense Lawyer's Trial Preparation, 1981 Arizona State Law Journal 523 (1981).
- Basic Guide to Preparing for Trial in Civil and Criminal Cases - (42 pages on the web)

-Hessick et al., Plea Bargaining and Convicting the Innocent, The Role of the Prosecutor, the Defense Counsel and the Judge, Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law, Vol. 16, page 189 (2002).


-McElhaney, James, Trial Notebook: Get It Admitted Some Other Way, 27 Litigation, No. 3, 53. (Spring 2001).
-Zagel, James, What to Do When the Judge Makes a Mistake, 27 Litigation, No. 1, 3 (Fall 2000).
-Conti, John, Trial Objections, 14 Litigation, No.1, 16 (Fall 1987).
-Bare Bones Technigue for the Novice (1)

Jury Selection

- Ream, Limited Voir Dire: Why It Fails to Detect Jury Bias, 23 Crim. Just. 22 (2009).
- Pettys, Todd, The Emotional Juror, 76 Fordham L. Rev. 1609 (2007).
-Diamond, Shari, Beyond Fantasy and Nightmare: A Portrait of the Jury, 54 Buff. L. Rev. 717 (2006).
- Podlas, Kimberlianne, The CSI Effect: Exposing the Media Myth, 16 Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. L.J. 429 (2006).
-Shelton, Donald, Kim, Young & Barak, Gregg, A Study of Juror Expectations and Demands Concerning Scientific Evidence: Does the "CSI Effect" Exist?, 9 Vanderbilt J. of Ent. and Tech. Law 331 (2006).
-Tyler, Tom, Viewing CSI and the Threshold of Guilt:Managing Truth and Justice in Reality and Fiction, 115 Yale L. J. 1050 (2006).
-Mansfield, John, Peremptory Challenges to Jurors Based Upon or Affecting Religion, 34 Seton Hall L. Rev. 435 (2004).
-Kraft, Brian, The Exclusion of Felons from Jury Service, 53 Am. L. Rev. 65 (2003).
-Kirgis, Paul, The Problem of the Expert Juror, 75 Temp. L. Rev. 493 (2002).
-Gillespie, John, Fear of Commitment? In Standefer v. State the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals Clarifies the Role of Commitment Questions in Jury Selection in Criminal Trials, 54 Baylor L. Rev. (2002).
-Blue, Lisa & Hirschhorn, Robert, Goals and Practical Tips for Voir Dire, 26 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 233 (2002).
-Kerper, J., The Art and Ethics of Jury Selection, 25 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 123 (2002).
-Monsen, Karen, Privacy for Prospective Jurors at What Price? Distinguishing Privacy Rights from Privacy Interests: Rethinking Procedures to Protect Privacy in Civil and Criminal Cases, 21 Rev. Litig. 285 (2002).
-Hamlin, Sonya, Who Are Today's Jurors and How Do You Reach Them?, 27 Litigation, No. 3, 9 (Spring 2001).
-Pizzi, William & Hoffman, Morris, Jury Selection Errors on Appeal, 38 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 1391 (2001).
-Yarborough, Stephanie, The Jury Consultant - Friend or Foe of Justice, 54 SMU Law Review 185  (2001).
-Picking a Jury: Who are you talking to? 67 Tenn. L. Rev. 517 (2000).
-Clinkscale, Brent, et al , Home Field Advantage: The Opening Statement That Closes, 27 Litigation 6  (Fall 2000).
-Olson, Trisha, Of Enchantment: The Passing of the Ordeals and the Rise of the Jury Trial, 50 Syracuse L. Rev. 109 (2000).
-Singer, Amy, Ten Common Mistakes Attorneys Make with Jurors, 36 Trial 76 (Jan. 2000).
-Salyers, Lance, Invaluable Tool vs. Unfair Use of Private Information: Examining Prosecutor's Use of Jurors' Criminal History Records in Voir Dire, 56 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1079 (1999).
-King, Nancy, The American Criminal Jury, 62 L. & Contemp. Probs. 41 (Spring 1999).
-Koski, Douglas, Sex Crime Jury Selection: A Social Scientific Analysis, 35 Crim. L. Bull. 42 (January -February 1999).
-Miller, Michael, The Psychology of Jury Persuasion, 22 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 549  (1999).
-Gallagher, Elizabeth, The Ethics of Jury Selection, 41 For the Defense 47 (July 1999).
-Childs, William, The Intersection of Peremptory Challenges, Challenges for Cause, and Harmless Error, 27 Am J. Crim. L. 49 (1999).
-McElhaney, James, Just Tell the Story, 85 ABA Journal 68 (October  1999).
-Smith, Abbe, "Nice Work If You Can Get It": "Ethical" Jury Selection in Criminal Cases, 67 Fordham L. Rev. 523 (November 1998).
-Leipold, Andrew, Constitutionalizing Jury Selection in Criminal Cases: A Critical Evaluation, 86 Georgetown  L. J. 945 ( February 1998).
-Vesper, Thomas, Seinfeld Syndrome:The Indifference of Otherwise Nice Jurors, 34 Trial 39 (October 1998).
-McElhaney, James, Make Limited Time for Voir Dire Count, 84 ABA Journal 66 (December 1998).
-Butler, Paul, Race-Based Jury Nullification: Case-in-Chief, 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 911 (1997).
- Leipold, Andrew, Race-Based Jury Nullification: Rebuttal (Part A), 30 J. Marshall L. Rev. 923 (1997).
-Lisnek, Paul, Stepping Inside the Courtroom and the Juror's Minds: Meaningful Jury Selection, 41 Trial Lawyer's Guide 252 (Fall 1997).
-Bates Jr., Douglas, Voir Dire Examination in Criminal Jury Trials: What Is the Proper Scope of Inquiry, 70 Fla. Bar J., No 1, page 64 (January 1996).
-Fletcher, George, Political Correctness in Jury Selection, 29 Suffolk Univ. L. Rev. 1 (Spring 1995).
-Butler, Paul, Racially Based Jury Nullification: Black Power in the Criminal Justice System, 105 Yale L. J. 677 (1995). (A black law professor urges race-based jury nullification.)
-Bowen, Anne, The Jury: The Criminal Justice System's Different Voice, 62 Univ. Cinn. L. Rev. 133 (Spring 1994).
-McKnight, Cynthia, Right to Jury Trial, 82 Geo. L. J. 1033 (1994).
-Walsh, Michael, Voir Dire Follies: Humor In the Court, 30 Trial 52 ( February 1994).
-Dees, Morris, The Death of Voir Dire, 20 Litig. 14 (1993).
-Stone, Charles, Voir Dire: Just When You Think You've Heard It All, 17 Nova L. Rev. 867
( Winter 1993).
-Broderick, Raymond, Why the Peremptory Challenge Should Be Abolished, 65 Temp. L. Rev. 369 (1992).
-Tanford, Alexander, The Law and Psychology of Jury Instructions, 69 Neb. L. Rev. 71 (1990).
- Jones, Susan, Judge Versus Attorney-Conducted Voir Dire: an Empirical Investigation of Juror Conduct, 11 Law & Human Behavior 131 (1987).
-Visher, Christy, Juror Decision Making: The Importance of Evidence, 11 Law and Hum. Behav.1 (1987).
- Suggs, David & Sales, Bruce, Juror Self-Disclosure in Voir Dire: A Social Science Analysis, 56 Ind. L. J. 251 (1981)
Zeisal, Hans & Diamond, Shari, The Effect of Peremptory Challenges on Jury and Verdict: An Experiment in a Federal District Court, 30. Stan. L. Rev. 491 (1978).  
- Bibliography of Articles re Jury Selection.
  AJS - Juries In-depth: Jury Powers; Judicious Use of Juror Anonymity: Sequestration
- Bibliography of Materials on Jury Selection.
- Professor Douglas Linder's Course: Nullification; Telling the Jury That It Has the Power to Nullify; The John Peter Zenger Trial; The     Fair Cross-Section; The Scottsboro Boys Trials; Juror Empathy and Race; What Is A Jury?; FAQ re Grand Jury
- Fully Informed Jury Association 
- Books: Practical Jury Dynamics2 (worth the price used at Amazon; over-priced from LexisNexis)
     Blue's Guide to Jury Selection (way over-priced at Amazon)

Opening Statement:

- Perdue, Jim, et al.,  Grand Openings, 46 Trial 46 (May 2010).
-Lusk, Prosecutors Are Permitted to Display Admissible Weapons to Juries During Opening Statements in Pennsylvania: Commonwealth v. Parker, 46 Duq. L. Rev. 679 (2008).
- Melilli, Kenneth, Succeeding in Opening Statement, 29 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 525 (2006).
- Macpherson, Susan & Rose, Jeremy, Five Steps to Persuasion in Opening Statement, 42 Trial 32 (April 2006).
- Shea, John, A Practical Guide to Persuasive Opening Statements, 17 Va. Trial Law. Assn. J. 10 (Spring 2005).
-Gianna, D. & Julien, A., Opening Statements 2d: Winning in the Beginning by Winning the Beginning Thomson West (2004) [This book willl cost you a bundle; in my opinion it's a so-so effort.]
-Tanford, Alexander, Objections During Opening Statement, 1 Indiana Civ. Lit. Rev. 221 (2004).
-Miller, Phillip, Storytelling: A Technique for Juror Persuasion, 26 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 489 (2003).
-Spiecker, Shelley & Worthington, Debra, The Influence of Opening Statement/Closing Argument Organizational Strategy On Juror Verdict and Damage Awards, 27 Law & Hum. Behav. 437 (2003).
-Cunningham, Robert, Opening Statements: Laying a Foundation, 37 Trial 66 ( February 2002).
-Carlson, Ronald, Opening Statement: Making It Stick, 9 Georgia Bar Journal 18 (August 2002). Weinberg, Shelley, Painting a Picture for the Jury: A Juror's Perspective, 90 Ill.B. J. 427 (2002).
-Powell, Gerald, Opening Statements: The Art of Storytelling (Trial Advocacy Symposium) 31 Stetson L. Rev. 89 (2001).
-Goldsmith, Fredrick, Preparing and Delivering an Effective Opening Statement, 43 For the Defense 47 (March 2001).
-Carlisle, Peter, In Cold Blood and the Fine Art of Opening Statement, 34 Prosecutor 37 (March/April 2000).
-Clinkscale, Brent, et al., Homefield Advantage: The Opening Statement that Closes, 27 Litigation, No. 1, 6 (Fall 2000).
-Lewis , Harvey, Opening Statements: One Trial Lawyer's Perspective (Anatomy of a Trial), 48 La. B. J. 93 (August 2000).
-Zwier, Paul & Galligan, Thomas, Technology and Opening Statements: A Bridge to the Virtual Trial of the Twenty-First Century, (Communicating with Juries) 67 Tenn. L. Rev. 523 (2000).
-McElhaney, James, Challenge Your Own Case: Ask the Questions the Jury Is Likely to Want Answered, 86 ABA Journal (September. 2000).
-Christie, Carrie, Build A Solid Opening Statement and Closing Argument: Beginning and Ending, 5 Ga. B.J. 9 (October 1999). -Opening Statements: Lasting Impressions, 35 Trial 62 (June 1999).
- Perrin, Timothy, From O.J. to McVeigh: The Use of Argument in Opening Statement, 48 Emory L. J 107 (1999).
-Allison, Will, Tell Your Story Through Opening Statement, 34 Trial 78 (September 1998).
-Blackwell, Douglas, Opening Statements: Putting the Puzzle Pieces Before the Jury, 2 Tenn. J. Prac. & Procedure 27 (1998).
-Reid, Benjamin, The Trial Lawyer as a Storyteller: Reviving an Ancient Art, 24 Litigation, No. 3, 8  (Spring 1998).
-Opening Statements: Setting the Stage for Victory, 34 Trial 66 (March 1998).
-Dilworth, Donald, Waking Up Jurors, Shaking Up Courts, 33 Trial 20 (July 1997).
-Holmes, Brent, Opening Statements:A Plaintiff's Lawyer's Guide, 1 Trial Lawyers Guide 406 (1997).
-Perdue, Jim, Opening Statements: Good Beginnings, 32 Trial 44 (March 1996).
-Allen, Michael, Opening Statements in Jury Trials; What Are The Legal Limits? 71 N. D. L. Rev. 701 (1995).
-Bailey, William, The Artful Lawyer: More Show, Less Tell In Opening Statement  (Trial Techniques) 29 Trial 28 ( October 1993).
-Lubet, Steven, The Opening Moment, 34 S. Tex. L. Rev. 109 (1993).
-French, Thomas, KISS In the Courtroom: Keep It Short and Simple (Forensic Oratory Will Hold Juror's Attention When Kept As Simple As Possible), 28 Trial 130 (November 1992).
-Pennington, Nancy, et al., A Cogntive Theory of Juror Decision Making: The Story Model, 13 Cardozo L. Rev. 519 (1991).
-Lucas, James, Opening Statement, 13 U. Haw. L. Rev. 349 (1991).
-McElhaney, James, Goals in Opening Statements, 16 Litigation, No.2, 47 (Winter 1990).
-Klieman, K Rikki, Opening Statements: How to Deliver a Convincing Opening In a Criminal Defense Case, 23 Trial 40 (September 1987).
-Snedaker, Kathryn, Storytelling in Opening Statements: Framing the Argumentation of the Trial, 10 Am. J. Trial Advoc., No 1, 15 (Summer 1986).
-Ordover, Abraham, Persuasion and the Opening Statement, 12 Litigation, No. 2, 12 (Winter 1986). 
-Fields, Samuel, Opening Statements, 6 Hamline L. Rev. 281 (1983).
- Conley, John, et al., The Power of Language: The Presentational Style in the Courtroom,  1978 Duke Law Journal 1375.

Direct Examination

-Vesper, Thomas, Add Dynamics to Direct Examination, 39 Trial 46 (Sept. 2003).
-Anderson, Carol, The Gentle Art of Conversational English In Direct Examination, 25 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 157 (2002).
-Fine, Adam, A Different Approach to Direct Examination of Expert Witnesses, 13 Prac. Litigation 19 (2002).
-McElhaney, James,  Simple Direct, 2 Litigation 63 ( Spring 2002).
-Caldwell, Mitchell, Primacy, Recency, Ethos, and Pathos: Integrating Principles of Communication Into the Direct Examination, 76 Notre Dame L. Rev. 423 (2001).
-Mirsky, Emily, Casenote, Evidence - Reevaluating Criminal Defense Trial Strategy: Why Defendants Need to Think Twice Before Introducing Prior Convictions On Direct Examination, 74 -Temple L. Rev. 231 (2001).
-Brush, Robert, Evidence - Preservation for Appeal - Objection to the Admissibility of Prior Conviction Evidence Is Waived When a Defendant Testifies to Such Evidence On Direct Examination, 31 Seton Hall L. Rev. 288 (2000).
-Miller, Henry, Direct Examination:Thirty One Pertinent Pointers, 29 Trial Law Q. 154 (1999).
-DaSilva, Willard, The Real Challenge of Direct Examination, 9 Prac. Litig. 35 ( July 1998).
-Kerper, Jan, The Art and Ethics of Direct Examination, 22 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 377 (1998).
-Turbak, Nancy, Effective Direct Examination, 34 Trial 68 (June 1998).
-Sarner, Richard, Direct Examination, 27 A. F. L. Rev. 77 (1987).


- Melilli, Kenneth, Controlling the Nonresponsive Witness on Cross-Examination, 32 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 125 (2008).
-Gaines, Phillip, Communicating with Juries: Epidsodic Representational Structure in Cross-Examination, 67 Tenn. L. Rev. 599 (2000).
-Gonzalez, Ervin, Preparing and Effective Cross-Examination of an Adverse Witness, 27 Litigation, No. 1, 19 (Fall 2000).
-Meyer, Stephen & Singleton, Norman, Rehabilitation of Witnesses:Looking Out My Back Door, 23 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 525 (2000).
Younger, Irving, Mastering the Art of Cross-Examination: Problems, NITA, (2000).
-McElhaney, James, Misdirect, Then Pounce: Don't Always Let Witnesses Know Where You Are Taking Them, 85 A.B.A.J. 78 (August 1999).
-Douglass, John, Beyond Admissibility: Real Confrontation, Virtual Cross-Examination, and the Right to Confront Hearsay, 67 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 191 (1999).
-Moss, Debra, Bias by Innuendo, 76 A.B.A.J. 19 (August 1990).
-Moritz, Stacey, et al., Cross-Examining the Accomplice Witness, 14 Litigation, No 1, 31 (Fall 1987).

Eyewitness Misidentification (A list of current articles is available at this hyperlink.)

- Thompson, Sandra, Eyewitness Identification and State Courts as Guardians Against Wrongful Conviction, 7 Ohio St. J. Crim L. 603 (2010). 
- Halpern, Sue, Can't Remember What I Forgot; The Good News from the Front Lines of Memory Research, Harmony Books (2008).
-Thompson, Sandra, Beyond a Reasonable Doubt: Reconsidering Uncorroborated Eyewitness Identification Testimony, 41 U. C. Davis L. Rev. 1487 (2008).
- Radel, Robert, et al., Repressed Memory: Real or Fantasy?, 58 Fed'n Def. & Corp. Couns. Q. 481 (2008).
- Wise, Richard, et al., A Tripartite Solution to Eyewitness Error, 97 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 807 (2007).
-Cutting, Dionne, Why the Hesitation?: A Look at Why Police Departments, Prosecutors and Court Systems Have Not Done Their Part to Improve the Quality of Eyewitness Identification and Testimony, 50 How. L. J. 953 (2007).
-Simon, Larry, Admissibility of Expert-Witness Testimony Regarding the Reliability of Eyewitness Identification, 67 Bench and Bar,  No. 6, 23 (2003).
-Natarajan, Radha, Racialized Memory and Reliability: Due Process Applied to Cross-Racial Eyewitness Identification, 78 N. Y. U. L. Rev. 182 (2003).
-Higgins, Edmund, et al., Establishing the Relevance of Expert Testimony Regarding Eyewitness Identification: Comparing Forty Recent Cases with the Psychological Studies, 30 Northern Kentucky L. Rev. 471 (2003).
-Koch, Rudolph, Process v. Outcome: The Proper Role of Corroborative Evidence in Due Process Analysis of Eyewitness Identification Testimony, 88 Cornell L. Rev. 1097 (2003).
-Collins, Winn, Improving Eyewitness Evidence Collection Procedures in Wisconsin, 2003 Wis. L. Rev. 529.
-Penrod, Steven, Eyewitness Identification Evidence: How Well Are Witnesses and Police Performing, 18 Criminal Justice 36 (2003).
-Yob, Dori, Mistaken Identifications Cause Wrongful Convictions: New Jersey's Lineup Guidelines Restore Hope, But Are They Enough?, 43 Santa Clara L. Rev. 213 (2002).
-Copeland, Jill, Helping Jurors Recognize the Frailties of Eyewitness Identification Evidence, 46 Criminal Law Quarterly 188 (July 2002).
-Sussman, Jake, Suspect Choices: Lineup Procedures and the Abdication of Judicial and Prosecutorial Responsibility for Improving the Criminal Justice System, 27 N. Y. U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change 507 (2002).
-Behrman, Bruce, et al., Eyewitness Identification in Actual Criminal Cases: An Archival Analysis, 25 Law and Human Behavior 475 (2001). (pro-prosecution)
-Doyle, James, et al., The Eyes Have It - or Do They? New Guidelines for Better Eyewitness Procedures, 16 Criminal Justice, No. 3, 12 (Fall 2001).
-Dillickrath, Thomas, Expert Testimony on Eyewitness Identification: Admissibility and Alternatives, 55 U. Miami L. Rev. 1059 (2001).
-Silva, Ambrosio, Criminal Law - Suggestive Identification Does Not Violate Due Process If  Otherwise Reliable, 34 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 673 (2001).
-Goodan, Gail, et al., Effects of Past Abuse Experiences On Children's Eyewitness Memory, 25 Law and Human Behavior 269 ( 2001).
-Garrioch, Lynn, et al., Lineup Administrator's Expectations: Their Impact On Eyewitness Confidence, 25 Law and Human Behavior 299 (2001).
-Rutledge, John, They All Look Alike: The Inaccuracy of Cross-Racial Identification, 28 Am. J. Crim. L. 207 (2001).
- Haber, Ralph, el al., Experiencing, Remembering, and Reporting Events, 6 Psychol. Pub. Pol'y & Law 1057 (2000).
-Judges, Donald, Two Cheers for the Department of Justice's Eyewitness Evidence: A Guide for Law Enforcement, 53 Ark. L. Rev. 231 (2000).
-Brogdon, Innoculating Against Bad Facts: Brilliant Trial Strategy or Misguided Dogma?, 63 Tex. B. J. 443 (May 2000).
-Klonoff, Robert, et al., Innoculating Against Bad Facts, 63 Tex. B. J. 754 (Sept. 2000).
-Ernsdorff, Gary, et al., Let Sleeping Memories Lie? Words of Caution ,,,In Cases of Memory Repression, 84 J. Crim. L. & Criminolgy 129 (1993).
- Bibliography of Materials on Eyewitness Testimony and False Memory - A professor has created a list of almost everything published on the subject of eyewitness testimony and false memory; it contains no hyperlinks; so you will have to have access to a library that contains the hard copy of any resources listed.

Impeachment & Rehabilitation

-Symposium:  Advocacy, 74 Temple L. Rev. (Spring 2000).
-Ross, Josephine, He Looks Guilty: Reforming Good Character Evidence to Undercut the Presumption of Guilt, 65 Univ. Pitt. L. Rev. 227 (2004).
-Horstein, Alan, On the Horns of An Evidentiary Dilemma: The Intersection of Federal Rules of Evidence 806 and 608(b), 56 Ark. L. Rev. 543 (2003).
-Zeigler, Donald, The Confusing Relationship Between Rules 608(b) and 609 of the Federal Rules of Evidence, 19 N. Y. L.Sch. J. Hum. Rts. 157 (2003).
-Gilligan, Francis, et al., Bringing the "Opening the Door" Theory to a Close: The Tendency to Overlook the Specific Contradiction Doctrine in Evidence Law, 41 Santa Clara L. Rev. 807 (2001).
-Sonenshein, David, Impeaching the Hearsay Declarant, 74 Temple L. Rev. 163 (2001).
-McMunigal, Kevin, Reforming Extrinsic Impeachment, 33 Conn. L. Rev. 363 (2001).
-Garrett, Misty, Defendants Waive Appellate Review By Reducing the Sting of Prior Conviction Impeachment Evidence, 52 Mercer L. Rev. 789 (2002).
Thomure, John, Kyles v. Whitley: An Opportunity Lost? An Examination of the Rule of Discovery Concerning the Disclosure of Impeachment Material Contained in Personnel Files of Testifying Government Agents in Federal Criminal Trials, 83 Marq. L. Rev. 547 (2000).
-Owens, John, Distinguishing Impeachment of Credibility from the Act of Burdening a Defendant's Constitutional Rights, 78 Denv. U. L. Rev. 173 (2000).
-McElhaney, James, It's Not Always Normandy: Advance Impeachment Planning Makes Your Attack Count, 86 A.B.A.J. 72 (March 2000).
-Imwinkelreid, Edward, A Radical Approach to the Law of Impeachment: The Statutory Outer Limits, 22 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 1 (1998).
-Moody, James, A Primer On Methods of Impeachment, 45 A. F. L. Rev. 161 (1998).
-H Farnham, David, Impeaching the Hearsay Declarant: Rule 806 Can Be A Trap for the Unwary Lawyer, 12 Criminal Justice 4 (1998).
-Dussalt, Susan, Cross-Examining and Impeaching Expert Psychiatric Witnesses, 26 Colo. Law. 75 (November 1997).
-Kerper, Jan, Killing Him Softly with His Words: The Art and Ethics of Impeachment with Prior Statements, 21 Am. J. Trial Advoc.81 (1997).
-Schlueter, David, Impeaching the Hearsay Declarant, 60 Tex. B. J. 76 (January 1997).
-Gair, Chris, Problem Witnesses; Coping with Character Attacks, 32 Trial, No. 9, 64 (September 1996).
-Martin, Earl, Prior Inconsistent Statements and the Military Rules of Evidence, 39 A.F. L. Rev. 207 (1996).
-Bennett, Fred, How to Administer the "Big Hurt" in a Criminal Case: The Life and Times of Federal Rule of Evidence, 806, 44 Cath. U. L. Rev. 1135 (1995).
-Cordray, Margaret, Evidence Rule 806 and the Problem of Impeaching the Non-testifying Declarant, 56 Ohio St. L. J. 495 (1995).
-McElhaney, James, The Varying Terrain of Impeachment: Make Each Attack Suitable to the Witness and the Situation, 80 A.B.A.J. 68 (July 1994).
-Schlueter, David, Impeaching the Character Witness, 57 Tex. B. J. 746 (July 1994).
-Grayer, Laurence, The Admissibility of Rehabilitative and Substantive Prior Consistent Statements and the Temporal Requirement, 9 St. John's J. Legal Comment. 243 (1993).
-Saltzburg, Stephen, Uncharged Acts: Substantive Versus Impeachment Use, 8 Criminal Justice, No. 1, 35 (Spring 1993).
-Selinger, Carl, The "Law" on Lawyer Efforts to Discredit Truthful Testimony, 46 Okla. L. Rev. 99 (1993).
-Uviller, Richard, Credence, Character, and the Rules of Evidence: Seeing Through the Liar's Tale, 42 Duke L. J. 776 (1993).

Expert Opinion

- National Research Council's Publication "Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward (2009)
  - Good pdf Free Copy of the Report - Listen to the NRC opening statement reports summarizing the report (about 1 hour). - "Badly      Fragmented Forensic System Needs Overhaul - Evidence to Support Reliability of Many Techniques Is Lacking"
  -Giannelli, Paul, The 2009 NAS Forensic Science Report: A Literature Review, 48 Crim. L. Bulletin 378 (2012).
- Reference Manual on Scientific Evidence,Third Edition (2011) from the Federal Judicial Center (free - 1034 page pdf).
- Index to Numerous Articles Posted on the Internet re Expert Witnesses
-Symposium, Expertise in the Courtroom: Scientists and Wizards, 52 Vill. L. Rev., No. 4, 679 (2007)
-Garrett, Brandon L & Neufeld, Peter, Invalid Forensic Science Testimony and Wrongful Convictions, 95 Va. L. Rev. 1 (2009).
-Giannelli, Paul, Wrongful Convictions and Forensic Science: The Need to Regulate Crime Labs, 86 N.C. L. Rev. 163 (2007).
-Easton, Stephen & Bridges, Kaitlin, Peeking Behind the Wizard's Curtain: Expert Discovery and Disclosure in Criminal Law, 32 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 1 (2008).
-Murphy, Erin, The New Forensics: Criminal Justice, False Certainty, and the Second Generation of Scientific Evidence, 95 Cal. L. Rev. 721 (2007).
-Saks,Michael &  Koehler, Jonathan, The Coming Paradigm Shift in Forensic Identification Science, 309 Science 892 (2005).
-Giannelli, Paul, The Right to Defense Experts, 18 Criminal Justice, No. 2, 14 (Summer 2003).
-McElhaney, James, Terms of Enlightenment: Articulate Expert Witnesses Help Jurors Visualize Facts, 88 A.B.A.J. 82 (1997).
-Lubet, Steven, Expert Testimony, 17 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 399 (1994).
-Wawro, Mark, Effective Presentation of Experts, 19 Litigation 31 (1993).
-McElhaney, James, Expert Witnesses and the Federal Rules of Evidence, 28 Mercer L. Rev. 463 (1977).

DNA Evidence
-Best DNA Index on the Internet (Denver DA's Office)
- Bibliography of resources including popular media, journals and books
-Thompson, William, Painting the Target Around the Matching Profile: The Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy in Forensic DNA Interpretation, 8 Law, Probability & Risk 257 (2009).
-Krane, Dan et al., Sequential Unmasking: A Means of Minimizing Observer Effects in Forensic DNA Interpretation, 53 J. Forensic Sciences 1006 (2008).
- Saks, Michael & Koehler, Jonathan, The Individualization Fallacy, 61 Vand. L. Rev. 199 (2008).
- Lynch, Michael, Expertise in Action: Presenting and Attacking Expert Evidence in DNA "Fingerprinting" Cases, 52 Vill. L. Rev. 925 (2007).
-Epstein, Edna, Is the DNA Fingerprint an Infallible Piece of Evidence?, 31 Litigation, No. 1,  25 (Fall 2004).
-Kaye, H, DNA Identification Databases Legality, Legitimacy, and Population-Wide Coverage,  2003 Wis. L. Rev. 413.
-Herlica, Debra, DNA Databanks: When Has A Good Thing Gone Too Far?, 52 Syracuse L. Rev. 951 (2002).
-Mellon, Jennifer, Manufacturing Convictions: Why Defendants Are Entitled to the Data Underlying Forensic DNA Kits, 51 Duke L. J. 1097 (2001).
-Koehler, Jonathan, When Are People Persuaded by DNA Match Statistics, 25 Law and Human Behavior 493 (2001).
-Kaye, D.H., Two Fallacies About DNA Data Banks for Law Enforcement, 67 Brook. L. Rev. 179 (2001).
-O'Reilly, Gregory, et al, Forensic DNA Case Evaluation and Litigation, 28 Litigation, No. 1, 43 (2001).
-Jewkes, Michael, Just Scratching the Surface: DNA Sampling Prior to Arrest and the Fourth Amendment, 35 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 125 (2001).
-Donnelly, Peter & Friedman, Richard, DNA Database Searches and the Legal Consumption of Scientific Evidence, 97 Mich. L. Rev. 931 (1999).
- Latent Print Examination and Human Factors: Improving the Practice Through a Systems Approach, 248 pages (February 2012) Download in PDF  (If you have a case that involves latent prints, read this very informative report.)
- Wertheim, Latent Fingerprint Evidence: Fabrication, Not Error,  32 Champion, No. 9,  16 (2009).
-Benedict, Nathan, Fingerprints and the Daubert Standard for Admission of Scientific Evidence: Why Fingerprints Fail and a Proposed Remedy, 46 Ariz. L. Rev. 519 (2004).
-Stacey, B., A Report on the Erroneous Fingerprint Individualization in the Madrid Train Bombing Case, 54 J. Forensic Identification 706 (2004).
-Saks, Michael, The Legal and Scientific Evaluation of Forensic Science (Especially Fingerprints), 33 Seton Hall L. Rev. 1167 (2003).
-Moenssens, Andre, Fingerprint Identification: A Valid, Reliable "Forensic Science", 18 Criminal Justice, No. 2,  30 (2003).
-Mears, Michael, et al, The Challenge of Fingerprint Comparison Opinion in the Defense of a Criminally Charged Client, 19 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 705 (2003).
-Giannelli, Paul, et al, Forensic Science: Fingerprints, 38 Criminal Law Bulletin, No. 5, 642 (2002).
-Sombat, Jessica, Latent Justice: Daubert's Impact on the Evaluation of Fingerprint Identification Testimony, 70 Fordam L. Rev. 2819 (2002).
-Epstein, Robert, Fingerprints Meet Daubert: The Myth of Fingerprint "Science" Is Revealed, 75 S. Cal. L. Rev. 605 (2002).
-Mnookin, Jennifer, Fingerprint  Evidence in An Age of DNA Profiling, 67 Brook. L. Rev. 13 (2001).
Firearms Identification
+ Those who seek to restrict or suppress expert toolmark identification may wish to read United States v. Glynn, 578 F. Supp.2d 567 (D.Ct, S.D. NY 2008) and United States v. Willock, 696 F.Supp.2d 536 (D. Ct., N.D. MD); but see People v. Melcher, an unpublished California opinion of the 1st Appellate Dist, 4th Div. (2011)
- For information regarding particular firearms, consult the most recent yearly editions of the Gun Digest and the Gun Trader's Guide, either or both of which may be purchased on
- Schwartz, Challenging Firearms and Toolmark Identification - Part Two, 32 Champion, No. 9, 44 (2009).
-Kaasa, Suzanne, Peterson, Tiamayo, Morris, Erin & Thompson, William, Statistical Inference and Forensic Evidence: Evaluating a Bullet Lead Match, 31 Law & Hum. Behav. 433 (2007).
-Steele, Lisa, All we want you to do is confirm what we already know." A Daubert Challenge to Firearms Identification, 38 Criminal Law Bulletin 466 (2002).
-Inbau, Fred, Firearms Identification - "Ballistics", 89 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 1293 (1999).
-Giannelli, Ballistics Evidence: Firearms Identification, 27 Criminal Law Bulletin 195 (1991).
Forensic Psychiatry /Psychology
-Davoli, Joanmarie, Psychiatric Evidence On Trial, 56 SMU. L. Rev. 2191 (2003).
-Tanford, Alexander, et al, Better Trials Through Science: A Defense of Psychologist-Lawyer Collaboration, 66 N. C. L. Rev. 741 (1988).
-Risinger, Michael & Saks, Michael, Brave New "Post-Daubert World" - A Reply to Professor Moenssens, 29 Seton Hall L. Rev. 405 (1998).
-Moenssens, Andre, Handwriting Identification Evidence In the Post-Daubert World: Identifying the Genuine Article and the Genuine Legal Issue:Broader Standards Needed for "Scientific Knowledge," 66 U. M. K. C. L. Rev. 251 (1997).
-Risinger, Michael & Saks, Michael, Science and Nonscience in the Courts: Daubert Meets Handwriting Deification Expertise, 82 Iowa L. Rev. 21 1996).
-Risinger, Michael, Denbeaux, Mark & Saks, Michael, Exorcisms of Ignorance as a Proxy for Rational Knowledge: The Lessons of
Handwriting Identification Expertise, 37 U. Pa. L. Rev. 731 (1989).
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus
- 128 page pdf paper from NDAA-APRI
Voice Identification
-Solan, Lawrence & Tiersma, Peter, Hearing Voices: Speaker Identification in Court, 54 Hastings L.J. 373 (2003).


-DeSario, Merging Technology with Justice: How Electronic Courtrooms Shape Evidentiary Concerns, 50 Clev. St. L. Rev. 57 (2002-03).
-Heintz, The Digital Divide and Courtroom Technology: Can David Keep Up with Goliath? (2002).
-Babcock, et al, Getting Your Message Across: Visual Aids and Demonstrative Exhibits in the Courtroom, 27 Litigation, No. 3, 41 (2001).
-McElhaney, James, Show Time: Don't Get Carried Away with Complicated Exhibits, 87 A.B.A.J. 64 (August 2001).
-Cooper, Mary, The Use of Demonstrative Exhibits at Trial, 34 Tulsa L. J. 567 (1999).
-McElhaney, James, Using the Exhibit: Simplicity and Timing Can Maximize Effectiveness, 80 A.B.A.J. 60 (June 1994).

Jury Argument

[Note: Unfortunately the entire 500-page Jury Argument in Criminal Cases web site was wiped by Homestead in December 2014.]

Persuasive Advocacy
- Mesereau, Jr.,  Thomas, Random Thoughts in Trial Practice, 31 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 115 (2007).
- Pettys, The Emotional Juror, 76 Fordham L. Rev. 1609 (2007).
-Tait, Rethinking the Role of the Image in Justice: Visual Evidence and Science in the Trial Process, 6 Law, Probability & Risk 311 (2007).
-Clark, Sherman, The Character of Persuasion, 1 Ave Maria L. Rev. 61 (2003).
-Munsinger, Kim, Seven Psychological Principles You Can Use to Make Your Case, 29 Law Practice Management, No. 4, 36 (May-2003).
-Miller, Phillip, Storytelling: A Technique for Juror Persuasion, 26 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 489 (Spring 2003).
-Sherman, Rob, Polishing Your Presentations: 10 Rules, 29 Law Practice Management , No. 4, 34 (May 2003).
-Mandell, Mark, Persuasion, 31 Trial Lawyer's Quarterly, No. 2, 32 (Summer 2001).
-Baird, Peter, Persuasion 101, 27 Litigation, No. 4, 25 (Summer 2001).
-Caughfield, Lance, Credibility, 27 Litigation, No. 4, 27 (Summer 2001).
-Haan, Sarah, The "Persuasion Route" of the Law: Advertising and Legal Persuasion, 100 Colum. L. Rev. 1281 (2000).
-Kadoch, Laurie, Seduced by Narrative: Persuasion in the Courtroom, 49 Drake L. Rev. 71 (2000).
-Tanford, James, Everything You Wanted to Know About Trial Procedure and Tactics (date unknown). (Kudos to a law professor who makes useful material available for free on the Internet.)
-Ewen, Stuart, Reflections On Visual Persuasion, 43 N.Y.L. Sch. L. Rev. 811 (1999).
-Ramsey, Gail, Communication Theories On Trial: Can the scales of justice be swayed by the application of communication theories?, 21 Communications and the Law, No. 1, 31 (March 1999).
-Bartimus, James, In the Mind of the Jury: The Psychologies of Persuasion and their Use in the Modern Courtroom, 22 Trial Lawyer, No. 1, 17 (January 1999).
-Clark, Sherman, Literate Lawyering: An Essay on Imagination and Persuasion, 30 Rutgers L. J. 575 (Spring 1999).
-Wangerin, Paul, A Multidisciplinary Analysis of the Structure of Persuasive Arguments, 16 Harv. J. L. & Pub. Pol'y 195 (1993).
-Strausss, David, Persuasion, Autonomy and Freedom of Expression, 91 Colum. L. Rev. 334 (March 1991).
-Rench, Stephen, Building the Powerfully Persuasive Criminal Defense, 42 Mercer L. Rev.  569 (1991).
-Stuckey, Roy, Persuasion from A to P: Back to the Basics, 30 Santa Clara L. Rev.  677 (1990).
-King, Kermit, Verbal Persuasion: What You Need to Know, 24 Trial, No 8, 71 (August 1988).
-McElhaney, James, All About Litigation, 12 Litigation, No. 2, 2 (Winter 1986).
-Rothblatt, Henry, Psychological Techniques of Persuasion in the Trial Process, 11 Ohio N. U. L. Rev. 755 (1984).

Ethics (See also Attorney-Client Relationship above) (1), (2), (3 - re prosecutorial ethics )

-Symposium, Criminal Law Defense, Ethics, and the Client Who Plans to Lie, 7 Ohio St. J. Crim. L 637 (2010).
-Symposium, Ethics and Evidence, 76 Fordham L. Rev. 1225 (2007). (This is a splendid stuff for criminal lawyers.)
-Symposium, Modern Methods in Legal Ethics: Theoretical and Practical Approaches, 39 Idaho L. Rev. (Spring 2003).
-Symposium, Ethics in Criminal Advocacy, 68 Fordham L. Rev. (April 2000).
-Symposium, Responsibilities of a Criminal Defense Lawyer, 30 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. (1996).
-Gershman, Bennett, The Most Dangerous Power of the Prosecution, 29 Pace L. Rev. 1 (2009).
-Kirchmeier, Jeffrey, et al., Vigilante Justice: Prosecutor Misconduct in Capital Cases, 55 Wayne L. Rev. 1327 (2009).
-King, John, Candor, Zeal, and the Substitution of Judgment: Ethics and the Mentally Ill Criminal Defendant, 58 Amer. U. L. Rev. 207 (2008).
-Bennardo, Kevin, A Defense Bar: The "Proof of Innocence"Requirement in Criminal Malpractice Claims, 5 Ohio St. J. Crim. L. 341 (2007).
-Giannelli, Paul, et al., Prosecutors, Ethics, and Expert Witnesses, 76 Fordham L. Review 1493 (2007).
-Green, Bruce, Criminal Defense Lawyering at the Edge: A Look Back, 36 Hofstra L. Rev. 353 (2007).
-Gillers, Stephen, Monroe Freedman's Solution to the Criminal Defense Lawyer's Trilemma Is Wrong as a Matter of Policy and Constitutional Law, 34 Hofstra L. Rev. 821 (2006). (See Freedman, Disclosing the Truth About Client Perjury)
-Gross, Leonard, Are Differences Among the Attorney Conflict of Interest Rules Consistent with Principles of Behavioral Economics?, 19 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 111 (2006).
-Nicholls, Margaret, A Quagmire of Internet Ethics Law and the ABA Guidelines for Legal Website Providers, 18 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 1021 (2005).
-Schwan, Christopher, Right Up to the Line: The Ethics of Advancing Nullification Arguments to the Jury, 29 J. Leg. Prof. 293 (2005).
-Aprile II, Vincent, Client Perjury: When Do You Know the Client Is Lying?, 19 Crim Just. 14 (2004).
-Braccialarghe, Randolph, Why Were Perry Mason's Clients Always Innocent? The Criminal Lawyer' s Moral Dilemma --The Criminal Defendant Who Tells His Lawyer He Is Guilty, 39 Val. U. L. Rev. 65 (2004).
-Brown, Jr., Lonnie, "May It Please The Camera,... I Mean The Court" – An Intrajudicial Solution to an Extrajudicial Problem, 39 Ga. L. Rev. 83 (2004).
-Butcher, Angela, et al., Lawyers' Comments About Judges: A Balancing of Interests to Ensure A Sound Judiciary, 17 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 659 (2004).
-Fisher, Michael, Why Does Doing the Right Thing Have to be so Hard? A Law Firm Partner's Difficult Decision on Whether to Report Suspected Misconduct, 87 Marq. L. Rev. 1005 (2004).
-Glassman, Jeffrey, Mickens v. Taylor: The Court's New Don't Ask, Don't Tell Policy for Attorneys Faced with a Conflict of Interest, 18 St. John's J. Legal Comment 919 (2004).
- Joy, Peter, The Relationship Between Civil Rule 11 and Lawyer Discipline: An Empirical Analysis Suggesting Institutional Choices in The Regulation of Lawyers, 37 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 765 (2004).
-Barker, Jonathan, et al, Who's In Charge Here? The Ethics 2000 Approach to Resolving Lawyer-Client Conflicts, 16 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 50 (Summer 2003).
-Duncan, Meredith, Criminal Malpractice: A Lawyer's Holiday, 37 Ga. Law Rev. 1251 (2003).
-Freeman, Carol, Retaining Records: What and for How Long, 17 Criminal Justice , No. 4, 16 (Winter 2003).
-Green, Bruce A., Prosecutorial Ethics as Usual, 2003 U. Ill. L. Rev. 1573 (2003).
-Joy, Peter, The Alternative Perpetrator Strategy, 17 Criminal Justice, No. 4, 32 (Winter 2003).
-McGuire, Richard, How Far Can A Lawyer Go in Criticizing A Judge?, 27 J. Legal Prof. 227 (2003).
-Richman, Daniel, Prosecutors and Their Agents, Agents and Their Prosecutors, 103 Colum. L. Rev. 749 (2003).
-Smith, Abbe, The Difference in Criminal Defense and the Difference It Makes, 11 Wash. U. J. Law  & Policy 83 (Winter 2003).
-Zacharias, Fred et al., Federal Court Authority to Regulate Lawyers: A Practice in Search of a Theory, 56 Vand. L. Rev. 1303 (2003).
-Barr, Ross, Joint Representation of Criminal Codefendants: A Proposal to Breathe Life Into Section 4.3.5. (c) of the A.B.A. Standards Relating to the Administration of Criminal Justice, 15  Geo. J. Legal Ethics 635 (2002).
-Curtis, Dennis, Grieving Criminal Defense Lawyers, 70 Fordham L. Rev. 1615 (2002).
-Duncan, Meredith, The (So Called) Liability of Criminal Defense Attorneys: A System in Need of Reform, 2003 BYU L. Rev. 1 (2002)
-Green, Bruce, Regulating Federal Prosecutor's Ethics, 55 Vand. L. Rev. 381 (2002).
-Gershman, Bennett, Witness Coaching By Prosecutors, 23 Cardozo L. Rev. 829  (2002).
-Hill, Louise, Change Is In the Air: Lawyer Advertising and the Internet, 36 U. Rich. L. Rev. 21 (2002).
-Hodes, William, The Professional Duty to Horseshed Witnesses-Zealously, Within the Bounds of the Law, 30 Tex. Tech L. Rev. 1343 (1999).
-Joy, Peter, Making Ethics Opinions Meaningful: Toward More Effective Regulation of Lawyers' Conduct, 15 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 313 (2002).
-Joy, Peter, Witness Preparation: When Does It Cross the Line?, 17 Criminal Justice 48 (Fall 2002).
-Joy, Peter, et al., Anti-Contact Rule in Criminal Investigations, 16 Criminal Justice 44 ( Winter 2002).
-Knothe, Paul, Walking the Tightrope Between Advising and Assisting Clients With Criminal or Fraudulent Conduct: Can the A.B.A. Provide Better Guidance?, 15 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 809 (2002).
-Podger, James, et al, Lawyer Ethics in a State of Flux, 88 A.B.A.J. 46 (2002).
-Richmond, Douglas, The Ethics of Zealous Advocacy: Civility, Candor and Parlor Tricks, 34 Tex. Tech L. Rev. 3 (2002).
-Rhode, Deborah, Balanced Lives for Lawyers, 70 Fordham L. Rev. 2207 (2002).
-Ross, Michael, Thinking Outside the Box: How the Enforcement of Ethical Rules Can Minimize the Dangers of Prosecutorial Leniency and Immunity Deals, 23 Cardozo L. Rev. 875 (2002).
-Slipakoff, Brian, et al, The Criminal Defense Attorney Facing Prospective Client Perjury, 15 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 935 (2002).
-Southwick, Ardor and Advocacy:Attorney-Client Sexual Relations and the Regulatory Impulse in Texas and Across the Nation, 44 S. Tex. L. Rev. 307 (2002).
-Stein, Jacob, Blackmail, Extortion, and Other Highly Questionable Tactics, 28 Criminal Justice 48 (Winter 2002).
-Tanford, Alexander, The Ethics of Evidence, 25 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 487 (2002).
-Warren, Maria, Ethical Prosecution: A Philosophical Field Guide, 41 Washburn L. J. 269 (2002).
-Wilkinson, Edward, Conflicts of Interest in Texas Criminal Cases,  54 Baylor L. Rev. 171 (2002).
-Woessner, Heidi, Criminal Law - the Crucible of Adversarial Testing: Ineffective Assistance of Counsel and Unauthorized Concessions of Client's Guilt, 24 W. New Eng. L. Rev. 315 (2002).
-Wolfram, Charles, Ethics 2000 and Conflicts of Interest: The More Things Change, 70 Tenn. L. Rev. 27 (2002).
-Zacharias, Fred C., et al., Regulating Federal Prosecutors' Ethics, 55 Vand. L. Rev. 381 (2002).
-Boyd, Dan, Current Trends in Conflict of Interest, 53 Baylor L. Rev. 1 (2001).
-DeVaney, Brenna, The "No Contact" Rule: Helping or Hurting Criminal Defendants in Plea Negotiations, 14 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 933 (2001).
-Elkins, James, Lawyer Ethics: A Pedagogical Mosaic, 14 Notre Dame J. L. Ethics & Pub. Pol'y 117 (2001).
-Freedman, Monroe, The Professional Discipline of Prosecutors: A Response to Professor Zacharias, 30 Hofstra L. Rev. 121 (2001).
-Gershman, Bennett, The Prosecutor's Duty of Truth, 14 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 309 (2001). 
-Godfrey, Lindsey, Rethinking the Ethical Ban On Criminal Contingent Fees: A Common Sense Approach to Asset Forfeiture, 79 Tex. L. Rev. 1699 (2001).
-Griffin, Leslie, The Prudent Prosecutor, 14 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 259 (2001).
-Harris, George, Testimony for Sale: The Law and Ethics of Snitches and Experts, 28 Pepp. L. Rev. 1 (2001).
-Liotti, Thomas, et al., The Uneven Playing Field: Ethical Disparities Between Prosecution and Defense Functions in Criminal Cases, 17 Touro L. Rev. 467 (2001).
-Madden, Mario, The Indiscreet Role of Lawyer Discretion in Confidentiality Rules, 14 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 603 (2001).
-McFaden, Casey, Prosecutorial Misconduct, 14 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 1211 (2001).
-Miller, Jeremy, Client Perjury: An Ever Present, Multidimensional Problem, 106 Com. L.J. 349 (2001).
-Montz, Craig, Why Lawyers Continue to Cross the Line in Closing Arguments: An Examination of Federal and State Cases, 28 Ohio N. U. L. Rev. 67 (2001).
-Poulin,Anne Prosecutorial Inconsistency, Estoppel, and Due Process: Making The Prosecution Get Its Story Straight, 89 Cal. L. Rev. 1423 (2001).
-Rolfes, Peter, Another Misunderstood Relation: Confidentiality and the Duty to Report, 14 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 62 (2001).
-Saks, Michael, Scientific Evidence and the Ethical Obligations of Attorneys, 49 Cle. St. L. Rev. 421 (2001).
-Scheff, Richard, Getting Witnesses to Talk, 27 Litigation 38, (Summer 2001).
-Smith, Abbe, Can You Be a Good Person and a Good Prosecutor? 14 Geo. J. Leg. Ethics 355 (2001).
-Zacharias, Fred, The Professional Discipline of Prosecutors, 79 N.C. L. Rev. 721 (2001).
-Fisher, Stanley, The Prosecutor's Ethical Duty to Seek Exculpatory Evidence in Police Hands: Lessons from England, 68 Fordham L. Rev. 1379 (2000).
-Flowers, Roberta, An Unholy Alliance: The Ex Parte Relationship between the Judge and the Prosecutor, 79 Neb. L. Rev. 251 (2000).
-Galin, Ross, Above the Law: The Prosecutor's Duty to Seek Justice and the Performance of Substantial Assistance Agreements, 68 Fordham L. Rev. 1245 (2000).
-Harris, George, Testimony for Sale: The Law and Ethics of Snitches and Experts, 28 Pepp. L. Rev. 1 (2000).
-Mensoian, Christopher, Bates, the Model Rules and Attorney Advertising, 32 McGeorge L.Rev. 77 (2000).
-Selinger, Carl, The Problematical Role of the Legal Ethics Expert Witness, 13 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 405 (2000).
-Simon, William, Thinking Like a Lawyer - About Ethics, 38 Duq. L. Rev. 1015 (2000).
-Uviller, Richard, The Neutral Prosecutor: The Obligation of Dispassion in a Passionate Pursuit, 68 Fordham L. Rev. 1695 (2000).
-Zacharias, Fred C., et al., The Uniqueness of Federal Prosecutors, 88 Geo. L.J. 207 (2000).
-Aaron, David, Ethics, Law Enforcement, and Fair Dealing: A Prosecutor's Duty to Disclose Nonevidentiary Information, 67 Fordham L. Rev. 3005 (1999).
-English, Michael, A Prosecutor's Use of Inconsistent Factual Theories of a Crime in Successive Trials: Zealous Advocacy or a Due Process Violation?, 68 Fordham L. Rev. 525 (1999).
-Frey, Christopher, The State v. The Self-Represented: A Florida Prosecutor's Concerns When Litigating Against a Pro Se Defendant in a Criminal Trial, 29 Stetson L. Rev. 181 (1999).
-Guttila, Carolyn, Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place: When Can or Should an Attorney Disclose A Client's Confidence, 32 Suffolk U. L. Rev. 707 (1999).
-Henning, Peter, Prosecutorial Misconduct in Grand Jury Investigations, 51 S.C. L. Rev. 1 (1999).
Henning, Peter, Prosecutorial Misconduct and Constitutional Remedies, 77 Wash. U. L.Q. 713 (1999).
-Little, Rory K., Proportionality as an Ethical Precept for Prosecutors in Their Investigative Role, 68 Fordham L. Rev. 723 (1999).
-Luban, David, Contrived Ignorance, 87 Geo. L. J. 957 (1999).
-Perkins, Kyle, Attorney Advertising: The Marketing of Legal Services in the Twenty-First Century, 35 Gonz. L. Rev. 99 (1999).
-Schlitz, Patrick, Choices Facing Young Lawyers: On Being a Happy. Healthy, and Ethical Member of an Unhappy, Unhealthy, and Unethical Profession, 52 Vand. L. Rev. 871 (1999).
-Williams, Lesley, The Civil Regulation of Prosecutors, 67 Fordham L. Rev. 3441 (May 1999).
-Zacharias, Fred, et al., Coaching Witnesses, 87 Ky. L. J. 1001 (1999).
-Easton, Stephen, The Truth About Ethics and Ethics About Truth: An Open Letter to Trial Attorneys, 33 Gonz. L. Rev. 463 (1998).
-Flowers, Roberta,  What You See Is What You Get: Applying the Appearance of Impropriety Standard to Prosecutors, 63 Mo. L. Rev. 699 (1998).
-Hellwege, Jean, No Comment: Professors, Legal Groups Consider Ethical Codes for Legal Commentators, 34 Trial 16 (July 1998).
-Levin, Leslie, The Emperor's Clothes and Other Tales About the Standards for Imposing Lawyer Discipline Sanctions, 48 Am. L. Rev. 1 (1998).
-McSorley, Joseph, "Criminal Lawyers" or "Lawyer Criminals"? Ethics of Criminal Bar Under Attack, 72 Fla. B. J. 35 (February 1998).
-Sarat, Austin, Enactments of Professionalism: A Study of Judges' and Lawyers' Accounts of Ethics and Civility in Litigation, 67 Fordham L. Rev. 809 (1998).
-Segal, David, My Reputation or Your Liberty (Or Your Life): The Ethical Obligation of Criminal Defense Lawyers in Postconviction Proceedings, 23 J. Legal Prof. 85 (1998-99).
- Zacharias, Fred, Waiving Conflicts of Interest, 108 Yale L. J. 407 (1998).
-Hazard Jr., Geoffrey, The Client Fraud Problem as a Justinian Quartet: An Extended Analysis, 25 Hofstra L. Rev. 1041 (1997).
-Wiehl, Lis, Keeping Files on the File Keepers: When Prosecutors are Forced to Turn Over the Personnel Files of Federal Agents to Defense Lawyers, 72 Wash. L. Rev. 73 (1997).
-Bresler, Kenneth, "I never lost a trial": When Prosecutors Keep Score of Criminal Convictions, 9 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 537 (1996).
-Cachris, Plato, Responsibilities of a Criminal Defense Attorney, 30 Loy. L.A. L. Rev. 33 (1996). [Note: The same issue has four other articles on the same subject by Gerald Lefcourt, Brian O'Neill, Greta van Sutern, and Dan Webb respectively.]
-Cusimano, Gregory, Becoming the Best We Can Be, 32 Trial , No. 9 , 80 (September 1996).
-Frankel, Marvin, Clients' Perjury and Lawyers' Options, 1 J. Inst. for Study Legal Ethics 25 (1996).
-Green, Bruce, Whose Rules of Professional Conduct Should Govern Lawyers in Federal Court and How Should the Rules Be Created?, 64 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 460 (1996).
-Greenberg, Mel, Beyond Confrontation: A Holistic Approach to the Practice of Law, 30 New Eng. L. Rev. 927 (1996).
-Hall Jr., John Wesley, Professional Responsibility of the Criminal Lawyer, West Publishing (2nd ed. 1996).
-Little, Rory K., Who Should Regulate the Ethics of Federal Prosecutors, 65 Fordham L. Rev. 355 (1996).
-Lupert, Jocelyn, The Department of Justice Rule Governing Communications with Represented Persons: Has the Department Defied Ethics?, 46 Syracuse L. Rev. 1119 (1996).
-Schulman, Todd, Wisdom Without Power: The Department of Justice's Attempt to Exempt Federal Prosecutors from State No-Contact Rules, 71 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 1067 (1996).
-Zacharias, Fred, Who Can Best Regulate the Ethics of Federal Prosecutors, or, Who Should Regulate the Regulators?: Response to Little, 65 Fordham L. Rev. 429 (1996).
-French, Tom, Ethics and Persuasion: Right Makes Might in the Courtroom, 31 Criminal Justice, No. 4, 86 ( April 1995).
-Horgan, Robert, Making Black out of Gray: An Attorney's Duty to Investigate Suspected Client Fraud, 29 New Eng. L. Rev. 795 (1995).
-Marella, Vincent, End the War Between Prosecution and Defense, 10 Criminal Justice, No. 2., 34 (Summer 1995). 
-White, Roderick, Constitutional Ethics: Lawyer Solicitation of Clients, 22 S. U. L. Rev. 275 (1995).
-Wydick, Richard, The Ethics of Witness Coaching, 17 Cardozo L. Rev. 1 (1995).
-Devlin,Mary, The Development of Lawyer Disciplinary Procedures in The United States, 7 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 911 (1994).
-Liskov, Donald, Criminal Defendant Perjury: A Lawyer's Choice Between Ethics, the Constitution, and the Truth, 28 New Eng. L. Rev. 881 (1994).
-Newman, Joel, Legal Advice Toward Illegal Ends, 28 U. Rich. L. Rev. 287 (1994).
-Silver, Jay, Truth, Justice and the American Way: The Case Against the Client Perjury Rules, 47 Vand. L. Rev. 339 (1994).
-Brenner, Susan et al., Towards Resolving Prosecutor Conflicts of Interest, 6 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 415 (1993).
-Simon, William, The Ethics of Criminal Defense, 91 Mich. L. Rev. 1703 (1993).
-Moore, Nancy, Professional Warfare between Prosecutors and Defense Attorneys: A Plea for An End to The Current Hostilities, 53 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 515 (1992).
-Rutherglen, George, Dilemmas and Disclosures: A Comment on Client Perjury, 19 Am. J. Crim. L. 267 (1992).
-Zacharias, Fred, A Critical Look at Rules Governing Grand Jury Subpoenas of Attorneys, 76 Minn. L. Rev. 917 (April 1992).
-Clarke, Catherine, Missed Manners in Courtroom Decorum, 50 Md. L. Rev. 945 (1991).
-Hall, John, Handling Client Perjury After Nix. v. Whiteside: A Criminal Defense Lawyer's View, 42 Mercer L. Rev. 769 (1991).
-Kanner, Gideon, Welcome Home Rambo: High-Minded Ethics and Low-Down Tactics in the Courts, 25 Loyola L. A. L. Rev. 81 (1991).
-Shafer, Thomas, Lawyer Professionalism as a Moral Argument, 26 Gonz. L. Rev. 393 (1991).
-Siciliano, Bradley Attorney Contributions in Judicial Campaigns: Creating the Appearance of Impropriety, 20 Hofstra L. Rev. 217 (1991).
-Zacharias, Fred,  Structuring the Ethics of Prosecutorial Trial Practice: Can Prosecutors Do Justice?, 44 Vand. L. Rev. 45 (1991).
-Green, Bruce, Her Brother's Keeper: The Prosecutor's Responsibility When Defense Counsel Has a Potential Conflict of Interest, 16 Am. J. Crim. L. 323 (1989).
-Mitchem, James, The Lawyer's Duty To Report Ethical Violations, 18 Colo. Law. 1915 (1989)
-Freedman, Monroe, Client Confidences and Client Perjury - Some Unanswered Questions, 136 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1939 (1988).
Green, Bruce,  A Prosecutor's Communications With Defendants: What Are the Limits?, 24 Crim. L. Bull. 283 (1988).
-Lefstein, Norman, Client Perjury in Criminal Cases: Still in Search of an Answer, 1 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 521 (1988).
-Hazard, Jr., Geoffrey, et al., A Lawyer's Privilege Against Self-Incrimination in Professional Disciplinary Proceedings, 96 Yale L.J. 1060 (1987).
-Piorkowski Jr., Joseph, Professional Conduct and the Preparation of Witnesses for Trial: Defining Acceptable Limitations of "Coaching," 1 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 389 (1987).
-Subin, Harry, The Criminal Lawyers "Different Mission": Reflections on the "Right" to Present a False Case, 1 Geo. J. Legal Ethics 125 (1987).
-Fried, David, Too High A Price for Truth: The Exception to The Attorney-Client Privilege for Contemplated Crimes and Frauds, 64 N.C. L. Rev. 443 (1986).
-Skypeck, Don, Professional Ethics of Criminal Defense Lawyers: Is There A Single Solution to the Issues Raised by a Perjuring Client?, 16 Mem. St. U. L. Rev. 531 (1986).
-Steele, Jr., Walter W., Unethical Prosecutors and Inadequate Discipline, 38 SW. L.J. 965 (1984).
-Lowenthal, Gary,  Successive Representation by Criminal Lawyers, 93 Yale L. J. 1 (1983).
-Geer, John, Representation of Multiple Criminal Defendants: Conflicts of Interest and the Professional Responsibilities of the Defense Attorney, 62 Minn. L. Rev. 121 (1978).
-Frankel, Marvin, The Search for Truth: An Umpireal View, 123 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1031 (1975).
-Wasserstrom, Richard, Lawyers as Professional: Some Moral Issues, 5 Human Rights 1 (1975).
-Alschuler, Albert, Courtroom Misconduct by Prosecutors and Trial Judges, 50 Tex. L. Rev. 629 (1972).
-Freedman, Monroe, Professional Responsibility of the Criminal Defense Lawyer: Three Hardest Questions, 64 Mich. L. Rev. 1469 (1966).

Crimes, Defenses, and Procedures

For scholarly and practical readings about substantive crimes and defenses refer to the Recent Criminal Law News and Scholarship page of the criminal law web site.


Copyright © 2001 Ray Moses
all rights reserved


Professor Fred Zacharias speaks on
Fitting Lying to the Court
into the Central Moral Tradition of Lawyering
Zacharias is a prolific writer
in the area of legal ethics. See the list to your left.
[Begin watching at the 6 minute mark of this
57-minute video.]

The colloquy between a
judge and a trial lawyer
whom the judge believes
to be intoxicated in court during the trial of the case.

Watch this

Whether you are a
would be criminal defense attorney or the real thing, you should try to watch 
The Staircase.

It's a superb documentary that takes you inside the defense camp in a 2003 wife-murder trial that has more twists and turns than a west-Texas sidewinder.

The video is presented in segments, but it is easy to move from one to the next. Thank you, Google.

The accused is one of those weird defendants who starts off looking like a choir boy and ends up appearing lower than the proverbial rattler's belly in a wagon rut.

Another twist - As it turned out, there was a snake in the prosecutor's grass. The defendant received a new trial (1) in 2011 as a result of misconduct by the prosecution's forensic bloodstain pattern expert, former State Bureau of Investigation agent Duane Deaver (1).